An Introduction to Electric Bikes: What You Need to Know

Electric bikes offer more accessibility, fun, and adventure to seasoned cyclists and novice riders alike. Also known as e-bikes, electric bikes are often confused with electric scooters and electric motorcycles, but in actuality, they’re very much just like a traditional bicycle with a bit of battery power to make exploration a little easier.

Electric Bikes

What Are Electric Bikes, Exactly?

Electric bikes often look and function like traditional bicycles, but they have a few additional components attached, such as an electric motor, a battery, and a controller.

They handle like regular bicycles, but their electric power assists cyclists when pedaling up steep inclines, traveling long distances, and navigating uneven terrain.

Do You Still Have to Pedal an Electric Bike?

Electric bicycles don’t replace the need to pedal—they augment it. With an electric bicycle, you can travel further and for longer without getting as tired or sweaty as you would on a traditional bicycle.

Some e-bikes have a throttle or go button. On many e-bikes, the electric assist is only active when you actively pedal. That said, those bikes that do have standalone throttles do drain their batteries much faster when you’re not contributing your own human-powered pedaling.

How Long Does an Electric Bike Battery Last?

On a single, full charge, an e-bike battery can provide pedal-assist for 20 to 100 miles. This can vary greatly depending on the bike you purchase, how hard you pedal, the topography of the landscape you bike on, and even whether the wind is at your back or pushing against you.

Over their lifespan, electric bike batteries can last for hundreds or thousands of charge cycles, giving you years of reliable use before they need to be replaced.

mountain e-bike

What Else Do I Need to Know About E-Bikes?

There is much to know about electric bikes. You can dig down the rabbit hole as far as you’d like. Here are several more things you should know about e-bikes as you start that journey:

Electric Mountain Bikes

What Are the Top E-Bike Brands?

Many fledgling e-bike companies are entering this burgeoning market, and most top traditional bike brands are also beginning to offer e-bikes. So, what electric bike brands should you consider when shopping for your first e-bike?

We’ve put together the following shortlist of reputable and exciting companies to give you a solid starting point in your search.



Aventon has been in the industry for over a decade and has established itself as a trusted name in the world of e-bikes. The company has a full range of electric bike models for adventure, commuting, and recreation.

See our deep dive highlight on the Aventon Sinch Folding Electric Bike.

REI Co-op Cycles

co-op cycles

REI Co-op is a favorite brand among outdoor enthusiasts, and for good reason. The Co-op is known for excellent build quality in all of its gear, smart product design, and top-notch customer service. You already know that if you get yourself a co-op electric bike, you’re sure to have fun with it and be well taken care of in the long run.

See all of REI Co-op’s e-bikes.



cannondale is an innovative bicycle brand that has been revolutionizing the industry since the 1970s. In recent years, they were the first to integrate rear-facing radar and lights into their bikes, and you can track your cycling history with the cannondale app.

cannondale e-bikes can be purchased from REI.


TREKAnother time-tested brand that has evolved alongside the biking industry for decades, TREK has lead the charge on several of those industry shifts. TREK is known for performance and precision engineering. If you want top-tier, this is where you want to start your search.


ternA commitment to sustainability and a belief that bikes are the sustainable form of transportation we should fully embrace as a society make the gears at tern turn. Reducing waste, cutting out harmful chemicals, and eliminating harmful emissions are the company’s goals at the end of the day.

Find tern electric bikes at REI.



SPECIALIZED has been a forerunner in the mountain biking category since its inception in 1974. Now, they’re taking that passion to their e-bikes as well. You can customize your bike’s motor characteristics in the brand’s Turbo app, and it is compatible with Strava so you can track your adventures.



yuba has you, your family, your pets, and everything else in your life in mind. yuba produces cargo bikes that can haul just about anything and everything you could ever need. Those who like accessories and modular design will gush at the add-ons and modifications available for these e-bikes.

See yuba’s electric bikes at REI.

Electric Bike Technologies

Electric Bike Technologies

The Electric Bike Store has a wide variety of bikes and trikes available, which means you’re certain to find one that meets your specific needs. From fat tire recreational bikes to folding and recumbent trikes, there’s an e-bike here for everyone’s preferred style.



Brompton specializes in compact, portable, folding electric bikes. The brand has urban and adventure models, both of which fold down to the size of a suitcase for easy carry and storage.

See what Brompton has for sale at REI.




heybike produces a range of quality, affordable e-bikes. They make the buying process as easy and painless as possible. All of the important details are laid out clearly, such as max range and charging time, and they offer great warranties and customer service to boot. Affiliate Policy: This article contains affiliate links, which help fund our website. When you click on the links to purchase the gear, we get a commission, and this goes a long way to creating guides, gear reviews, and other excellent content.

Arthur McMahon

Arthur loves to walk. It's as simple as that. He believes walking is the best way to experience the world. Thru-hiking the Pacific Crest Trail was his first backpacking foray, and he hasn't stopped since. Follow his adventures and stories on Instagram.

10 responses to “An Introduction to Electric Bikes: What You Need to Know

  1. paul lafleursays:

    wow i want that trek

  2. Darrell Hensleysays:

    nice bikes

    1. Michael Bigginsays:

      Would love the trek

  3. Thomas Doylesays:

    I am 6ft. 4. I wear a 34 inseam the most pertinent info that I would like is what size bike to buy. There. are no one size fits al.

    1. Hey Thomas. Each e-bike manufacturer is different, but in general, the bikes have highly adjustable seat posts and handlebars, and many e-bikes come in different sizes.

      The Aventon Aventure, for example, is available in the following sizes:

      Small 5’1″ – 5’7″

      Medium 5’7″ – 5’11”

      Large 5’11” – 6’4″

      So you would want to order a large. This information can be found in the “Size & Fit” menu at the bottom of the Aventure product page.

  4. Casimer j hintz jrsays:

    would be asset on our little homestead

  5. Looks like a great way to get with the hubby! I want two please 🙂

  6. Fantastic post.Never knew this, thankyou for letting me know.

  7. It captured me the most when you mentioned that e-bikes allow you to travel further and for longer. My friend wants to use an e-bike for her errands. I think it’s best to go for it so she can reach further places.

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